How do building code requirements affect the design and selection of elevators?
Because elevators need to be safe during normal operations and during emergencies, elevator systems and the building construction that supports those systems are tightly regulated by building codes. Some key considerations relate to fire resistance requirements (for shafts, machine spaces, and elevator lobbies), hoistway ventilation requirements, accessibility requirements, foreign equipment restrictions, HVAC requirements, plumbing requirements, fire suppression requirements, emergency firefighter operations, fire alarm requirements, and electrical requirements. Although the building code sections regulating these requirements are extensive and complex, the concepts associated with each of these are discussed briefly as part of this article.
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